Computer Speakers Guide: Parts of a PC Speaker

Computer Speakers Guide: Parts of a PC Speaker

Computer speakers come in different shapes, designs, and sizes, and with different features. If you want to know the most ideal computer speakers or how they function, first identify the parts of your PC speaker, in order to make it easier for you to know what goes where, and what is most suited to your own personal preferences. This will also help for you to be able to connect your computer speakers to other devices.

Speaker Cone

It is called a speaker cone because it is shaped like a cone, wide and round, like a bullhorn. It provides the outermost covering to a computer speaker’s interior components, which are mostly made up of paper, plastic or laminates, which respond faster to tonals, and it reproduces a speaker’s voice coil waveform accurately.

Speaker Surround

A speaker surround is the hard rim located on the wider part of the cone. It is usually made from plastics, resins, foam, treated cloths, or rubber. It enables the cone to flex back and forth, thereby producing sounds.

Speaker Spider

This lies just beneath the speaker cone and is typically brown or yellowish in color. It is like a disk that has a flexible ridged texture, which contains a fine metallic thread wire coil. The covering is customarily a fine treated fabric.

Speaker Voice Coil

Voice coil consists of a former, collar, and winding, and is primarily in charge of a computer speakers’ sound quality. It is also responsible for the driving force to move the cone and produce sound, as a reaction of the magnetic field passing through. It is made up of materials like aluminum.

Speaker Basket

Like the traditional basket, a speaker basket is designed to hold other components of a speaker. It makes sure that the parts are in the right place. It is often the same shape as the speaker cone and surrounds, but with sections of the side cut out to lessen its weight.

Speaker Magnet

Since there is a magnetic field passing through the speaker’s voice coil, the speaker magnet is also one of the motor-force that drives the cone to produce sound, through electrical signals and mechanical vibrations. Both of them respond to each other.

Speaker Pole Piece

This speaker component generally comes in pairs, extending the magnetic core of a magnet. These are the parts of the speaker which protect and assist the magnet and voice coil in their function.  They are made up of materials with high magnetic permeability, helping to direct the magnetic field produced by the magnet.

Speaker Cables – Connectors

Speaker cable connectors are wire, used to link speakers, amplifiers or other audio-generating devices through electrical connections. As our technology grows, different devices also emerge and, because of smart engineering, most computer speakers can now be linked to different devices, such as televisions or cellphones.

Computer Speaker – Cable Connectors

Even though you’re certainly able to find a speaker that will be compatible with your computer or device, technological upgrades are completely inevitable and, sooner or later, you will find yourself using devices with different kind of ports or cables. This is the reason why speaker-cable-connectors are designed to meet and adapt to these different technologies.

The Most Common Connectors

Spade Lugs

These come in many forms, primarily crimp-on connectors, typically used to eliminate stranded wires.

Other spade lugs are also available, in the form of screw-on connectors or twist-on wire connectors, and are used to clip on two or more low-voltage electrical conductors. Spade lugs protect the wire ends from being worn out or unraveling, and ensure the capacity of the strands to acquire signals.

Pin Plug

It is a small plastic object, with two or three metal pins used for binding posts that fit into the holes of an electric socket, linking it to an electricity supply. Uncommonly used for speakers, as they do not have spring contacts.

Speakon Connectors

Speakon is a registered trademark, also known as speakON connectors. This cable connector is was first produced by Neutrik. It is specifically designed for use on professional audio systems, for linking loudspeakers to amplifiers. It comes in a two, four or eight-pole design.

RCA Connectors

These are also called phono connectors. 3.5 mm in size and used to carry audio and video signals, these are commonly mistaken as phone connectors, when they are actually smaller than that. The name RCA is derived from Radio Corporation of America, invented in the early 1940s for home audio or internal connection.

It was originally developed as a low-cost and easy-to-use device, owing to its simple design. It is, however, easily disconnected if the cables are disturbed.

XLR Connectors

These connectors are primarily found on specialized varieties of audio and video applications, as well as stage lighting equipment. They are the same type of connector used in microphone cables.

Phone Connectors

It is ¼” or 1/8” in size, and was mainly designed for use in manual telephone switchboards, adhering to an analog signal, which is why it is persistently known as a phone jack. Other names for this connector are audio jack, headphone jack, or jack plug and TRS connectors, referring to consumer electronic devices, such as cameras and DVD players.

Binding post

It consists of a central, threaded, metal rod and cap, mounted to connectors which allow it to form a joint between bare wires, spade lugs or pin connectors. The cap is usually insulated with plastic, and color-coded.

Banana Connector

This comes in male and female versions, called banana plugs and banana sockets, respectively. These are single-circuit connectors, often used as plugs on cables connecting amplifiers to loudspeakers. They provide intact electrical communications, and are frequently used to eliminate patch cords for test equipment in laboratories.


These are just a simple computer speakers guide to help you familiarize yourself with the parts and function of a computer speaker. Identifying them will also assist you in connecting them to your device. Also, remember that an expensive speaker does not guarantee a good quality of sound or capacity. It is still best to do your research on the precise type of computer speaker you are looking for.

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